News

Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: December 2019/January 2020 Edition

Date: Dec 3, 2019

UNDRR SRSG Mami Mizutori speaks in Auckland
The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General (SRSG) for Disaster Risk Reduction and the head of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mami Mizutori, recently spoke on resiliency and sustainable development at Tonkin + Taylor’s Auckland office. Click above for a link to the livestream video.

Fiji: Cyclone Early Warning System for Pacific goes live
An operational system has been developed and implemented for the Fiji Islands to produce and disseminate new early warning information on coastal flooding, which will help save lives and protect property in low-lying, populated coastal areas. For more on the CIFDP click the link above, and to listen to an interview with Bapon Fakhruddin on the development of the system, click here.

Countdown starts for Sendai 2020 deadline
Target (e) of the Sendai Framework's seven targets, sets a 2020 deadline for developing national and local strategies for disaster risk reduction. The same deadline applies to UN member states finalising National Adaptation Plans under the Paris Agreement on climate.

Data For Now Inception Workshop in Rwanda
SDSN TReNDS recently joined the World Bank, the UN Statistics Division, The Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data and representatives from eight very diverse countries (Bangladesh, Columbia, Ghana, Mongolia, Nepal, Paraguay, Rwanda, and Senegal) in Kigali, Rwanda to discuss priority data needs as part of the new Data For Now initiative.

Bangladeshi farmers reap the benefits of new weather forecasts
Customised weather forecasts delivered to smartphones and rural meeting halls are helping farmers in Bangladesh better manage crops in the field as rain becomes more erratic.

Asia and the Pacific set priorities for accelerated disaster risk reduction
In the face of growing disaster losses and risk in the Asia-Pacific region, government disaster risk management agencies, international organizations, and civil society groups met in Brisbane to agree on priorities for accelerating action for reducing the risk of disasters.

NASA Space Data Can Cut Disaster Response Times, Costs
According to a new study, emergency responders could cut costs and save time by using near-real-time satellite data along with other decision-making tools after a flooding disaster.


November 2019: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Date: Nov 29, 2019

  Title: Reviving an Old and Valuable Collection of Microscope Slides Through the Use of Citizen Science
Author
: John Pring, Lesley Wyborn, Neal Evans
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-057
  Title: Efficient Stratified Sampling Graphing Method for Mass Data
Author: Jianjun Wang, Yingang Zhao, Jun Chen, Suqing Zhang, Xudong Zhao, Yufei He
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-056
 

Title: A Comprehensive Video Dataset for Multi-Modal Recognition Systems 
Author: Anand Handa, Rashi Agarwal, Narendra Kohli 
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-055

  Title: Proper Attribution for Curation and Maintenance of Research Collections: Metadata Recommendations of the RDA/TDWG Working Group
Author
: Anne E. Thessen , Matt Woodburn, Dimitrios Koureas, Deborah Paul, Michael Conlon, David P. Shorthouse, Sarah Ramdeen
URL: 
http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-054
  Title: Intelligent Electronic Management of Library by Radio Frequency Identification Technology
Author
: Qinglan Huang, Hongyi Huang
URL: 
http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-053
  Title: The History and Future of Data Citation in Practice
Author
: Mark A. Parsons, Ruth E. Duerr, Matthew B. Jones
URL: 
http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-052
 


Summary Report: "Interoperability of Metadata Standards in Cross-Domain Science, Health, and Social Science Applications II

Date: Nov 25, 2019

Schloss Dagstuhl Event 19413

Workshop participants standing in front of the chapel at Schloss Dagstuhl in Wadern, Germany.Description automatically generated

A week-long workshop was held on the subject of standards in cross-domain data use for science, health, and social science at Schloss Dagstuhl - the Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany, 6-11 October 2019. The meeting was sponsored by CODATA, the data-focused arm of the International Science Council (ISC), and the DDI Alliance, an international member-driven consortium which provides technical standards for research data in the social, behavioral, economic, and health sciences. CODATA is currently working towards a launch of a decadal programme on cross-disciplinary data as part of the ISC’s Science Action Plan. The DDI Alliance is now developing an information model for integrating data across domain boundaries. The workshop was subsidized by Schloss Dagstuhl - the Leibniz Center for Informatics.

Workshop series

This workshop was the second addressing this important topic, the earlier one also taking place at Dagstuhl in October 2018. Both focused on specific real-world use cases: the first was an exploration of specific issues encountered in the use of data across domain boundaries; the second aimed at producing practical guidance for addressing them. 

Among other outcomes, the first workshop contributed to the work on the next-generation DDI model, making it a more suitable tool for dealing with cross-domain data integration independent of the social sciences. Other standards and models were also examined (e.g. spatio-temporal aspects of DCAT). This focus on practical guidance for cross-domain data use is expected to continue into the ISC’s decadal programme.

Workshop participants included representatives of use cases and technology and standards experts across several different domains, including the social, behavioral, and economic sciences, geophysical and environmental science, health research, disaster risk reduction, urban planning and policy, and the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Standards concerned with statistical and research data and metadata were an important consideration (e.g., DDI, SDMX) and specialized application schemas (e.g. OBO vocabularies from the life sciences, ISO 19115 from geospatial data community). Technical experts ranged from those involved in developing standards to systems implementers.  Almost half of the participants overlapped with the first workshop.

Read this report as a pdf: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3552296
 


Watch: CODATA/RDA Summer School 2018-2019 Interviews

Date: Nov 12, 2019

Please watch - CODATA/RDA Summer School 2018-2019 Interviews:

Read more about CODATA-RDA School of Research Data Science

 


The Beijing Declaration on Research Data

Date: Nov 8, 2019

Grand challenges related to the environment, human health, and sustainability confront science and society. Understanding and mitigating these challenges in a rapidly changing environment require data[1] to be FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable) and as open as possible on a global basis. Scientific discovery must not be impeded unnecessarily by fragmented and closed systems, and the stewardship of research data should avoid defaulting to the traditional, proprietary approach of scholarly publishing. Therefore, the adoption of new policies and principles, coordinated and implemented globally, is necessary for research data and the associated infrastructures, tools, services, and practices. The time to act on the basis of solid policies for research data is now.
 
The Beijing Declaration is intended as a timely statement of core principles to encourage global cooperation, especially for public research data. It builds on and acknowledges the many national and international efforts that have been undertaken in the policy and technical spheres on a worldwide basis.  These major contributions are listed in the Appendix. 
 
 Several emergent global trends justify and precipitate this declaration of principles:
 
  • Massive global challenges require multilateral and cross-disciplinary cooperation and the broad reuse of data to improve coherence concerning recent UN landmark agreements, such as the Paris Climate Agreement, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Plant Treaty, the World Humanitarian Summit, and others. The comprehensive agendas for action provided by these agreements requires access to and reuse of all kinds of data.
  • Research and problem-solving, especially addressing the SDG challenges, are increasingly complex and driven by ‘big data’, resulting in the need to combine and reuse very diverse data resources across multiple fields. This poses an enormous challenge in the interoperability of data and responsible stewardship, with full respect for privacy.
  • Rapid advances in the technologies that generate and analyze data pose major challenges concerning data volume, harmonization, management, sharing, and reuse. At the same time, emerging technologies (including machine learning) offer new opportunities that require access to reusable data available in distributed, yet interoperable, international data resources.
  • Changing norms and ethics encourage high-quality research through greater transparency, promote the reuse of data, and improve trustworthiness through the production of verifiable and reproducible research results. Increasing the openness of research data is efficient, improving the public return on investment, and generating positive externalities.
  • Open Science initiatives are emerging globally, including in less economically developed countries. There consequently are opportunities for these countries to take advantage of technological developments to develop a greater share in scientific production. Without determined action, there is also a risk that the divide in scientific production will widen.
 
In September 2019, CODATA and its Data Policy Committee convened in Beijing to discuss current data policy issues and developed a set of data policies adapted to the new Open Science paradigm. The Declaration proposed below is the result of that meeting and is now put forward for public review.
 
The Beijing Declaration on Research Data: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3552330
 
[1] In the attached document we deliberately use the word data very broadly, to comprise data (stricto sensu) and the ecosystem of digital things that relate to data, including metadata, software and algorithms, as well as physical samples and analogue artefacts (and the digital representations and metadata relating to these things).


Message from the CODATA President, Barend Mons

Date: Nov 7, 2019

The field of research data and associated services is in a rapid - and epoch-making - phase transition from a data sparse to a data-overloaded ecosystem. Many national and international efforts are underway to try and deal with the enormous challenges posed by instrumentation and automation and the associated explosion in the volume and complexity of data. We all try and keep pace with this phenomenon by deploying the analytical processes and tools needed to enable data-intensive science, supported by machines. In order that high throughput data generation instruments and computers may effectively support the scientific and innovation process, both data and workflow components need to be machine-actionable. Building on and refining many earlier efforts, in 2014 the FAIR principles were formulated. These principles recommend that data (and services around them) should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and (thus) Reuseable, first and foremost by machines.

 In 21st century science, computers need to be fully enabled to do the hard work of processing, pattern identification and machine learning in relation to enormous amounts of heterogeneous, distributed data. Human researchers, and the science system as a whole, will benefit from machine-actionable data as less time will be spent data munging. When data is stewarded and processed properly, ambiguity and non-reproducibility will be less of a problem as well. In addition, many datasets and resources are now either too large or too privacy sensitive, or both, to be effectively routed around the globe for multidisciplinary and data-intensive science projects. Therefore, distributed machine learning is a new paradigm that I refer to as ‘data visiting’ rather than the classical model of ‘data sharing’.

 These rapid changes have in significant respects ‘taken science by surprise’ and many groups and infrastructures have great difficulties to adapt to this revolutionary new way of doing science. Rather than ‘excellence in silos’, and scholarly communication mainly designed for person-to-person information and knowledge transfer, we now need ‘excellence across silos’. We need to conceive of the underpinning ecosystem as -in essence- one computer with one, universal dataset. Workflows dealing with data and the data themselves are being reused over and over and need to be fully interoperable, reusable and reproducible. In particular when we address the major challenges facing our planet, as laid out in the Sustainable Development Goals, the data needed to gain the necessary insights come from many different domains and are frequently not purposefully generated for research. For an ‘Internet of FAIR Data and Services’ to emerge and flourish, all digital resources should be intrinsically FAIR and processable outside the environments and systems in which they were created. In other words, they need to be universally reusable. The good news is that computers can translate FAIR digital resources from one format to the other with high speed and minimal error rates as long as the machine has enough information about the resource. Another way of expressing the objective of FAIR is that when the resource is FAIR, ’machines know what it means’. In essence, the machine can answer three major questions for each FAIR digital object or resource they encounter: 

  1. What is this?,
  2. What operations can be performed on it? and,
  3. What operations are allowed?

With properly constructed FAIR digital resources, these questions can be answered, which enables machines (and thus also ultimately humans) to reuse them with full provenance outside their original context. Elusive as this may sound, I am very confident that the current international efforts in this exciting domain will soon yield the first scalable ecosystems that follow these principles, and major industries are already moving into this space as well. So be warned: the coming four years will not be ‘science as usual’!

CODATA has been around for roughly 50 years, and has lived in the data sparse times as well as now in the data rich era, which poses entirely different and daunting challenges, also for CODATA itself. CODATA, as a committee of the International Science Council (ISC), supporting the mission of ISC as the global voice of science and its role in the UN system, has the responsibility to fill a specific and strategic niche in the global ecosystem of research data related activities. Many other organisations have complementary roles that are either domain specific, national or regional or they are grass roots and community based. CODATA is actively engaging with these other international players in defining complementary and synergistic roles.

The data-intensive science and innovation challenge is obviously a global one, it should equitably involve all regions of the world and it cannot be solved sustainably within disciplinary or national silos. That is the niche in which CODATA should operate. CODATA also has a key role to play in the involvement of regions of the world that have been traditionally data and science-deprived. With the Internet of FAIR Data and Services emerging 'as we click’, we should not widen the digital divide but leap-frog to close it, such that the new research ecosystem is also fair in the traditional sense. Open Science, must also mean that no-one is left behind. The second bit of good news is that activities in the Global South are emerging at an early stage and some are ambitious enough to lead future developments. 

As the CODATA President I work with the Executive Director, with the officers and Executive Committee, and with CODATA’s core staff to serve this multi-organisational ecosystem in service of the global science community. We also work with regional organisations such as the European Commission and the EU Member states with their major leading initiative for the European Open Science Cloud, which has an increasing number of partner initiatives in other regions. We build on the excellent work of our predecessors in CODATA, including the intellectual leadership of the past President Geoffrey Boulton and in close collaboration our parent organisation, the International Science Council.

As of 2017, and extending for the duration of my CODATA presidency, I also serve on the US National Academy of Sciences Board for Research Data and Information. With my election as president of CODATA, I will gradually hand over operational leadership in GO FAIR to others, and I will seek to play an ambassadorial role for both, to help drive a joint, converging and balanced ecosystem for international policies supporting open, data driven science. We also work to consolidate and make explicit the key role for each of the internationally operating data organisations and in particular to bring RDA, GO FAIR, WDS and CODATA even closer together, with clear and complementary mandates. When we lock arms at all levels from institutional to international, I am optimistic that by the end of my term as President, the first phase of the Internet of FAIR data and services will be up and running.

For all this to happen, it will be of critical importance that each of the data supporting organisations is mandated and properly funded (although at the leanest necessary level) to serve the science and innovation communities, without competing for the same funds as the community they should serve. They should focus on those supra-level tasks that never make it to the top of the priority list of individual countries, regions, funders, researchers and innovators. In this set of partnerships, it is the CODATA mission to act strategically and globally to advance equitable Open Science, the FAIR ecosystem and to make data work for interdisciplinary global challenge research.

Research infrastructures have traditionally been almost an ‘afterthought’ or considered ‘other peoples’ problem’, which has resulted in a very dangerous situation where core resources, massively used by researchers, such as curated data bases and collections, mapping and standard services are ‘operating on a shoe string’ and go through a near-death experience each time funded projects run out. We, as the research community, should collectively speak with one voice, on these infrastructural and interoperability issues as trusted representatives of the real needs of the research community itself and society as a whole, towards policy makers, funders and unions dealing with the enormous data and analytics challenges we will face in the decades to come. It is an honour to be elected as the new president of CODATA and I hope to serve the community as expected.


Disaster Risk Reduction and Open Data Newsletter: November 2019 Edition

Date: Nov 6, 2019

UN High Commissioner for Refugees: Climate Change and Displacement Climate change and natural disasters can add to and worsen the threats that force people to flee across international borders. The interplay between climate, conflict, poverty and persecution greatly increases the complexity of refugee emergencies.

Victoria, Australia - National Climate Change and Agriculture Plan Agreed Australian ministers met in Melbourne at the Agricultural Ministers’ Forum to endorse a Victorian-led program that will facilitate collaboration between state and Commonwealth governments to meet the challenges of climate change and support the agriculture sector to adapt.

Flood forecasting a cyclone game-changer for Fiji The ground-breaking project has developed and implemented a Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (MHEWS) that delivers an integrated approach to forecasting, monitoring and warning for coastal flooding, no matter what the cause - river or ocean.

Bangladesh to move Rohingya to flood-prone island  Bangladesh will start relocating Rohingya Muslims to a flood-prone island off its coast as several thousand refugees have agreed to move. 

Tasman fire review finds shortfalls in New Zealand's preparedness for large-scale blazes A review of firefighting efforts during the Tasman fires last summer, which cost Fire and Emergency New Zealand $13 million, has found shortfalls in the number of skilled staff working in risk management.

UNSDSN TReNDS - SDG Financing Initiative In 2018, SDSN launched and became the Co-Chair of a Working Group on SDG Costing & Financing with the IMF, OECD, and World Bank. This group convenes sector experts to aggregate their respective costing models and data for SDG targets, especially for low-income countries.

Addressing the Challenges of Drafting Contracts for Data Collaboration Contracts for Data Collaboration (C4DC) is a new initiative seeking to address barriers to data collaboration. The partnership, launched in early 2019, has already yielded a number of outputs, including a project inception brief, the Contractual Wheel of Data Collaboration tool — which presents key considerations for the development of data sharing agreements — and an initial analytical framework.


October 2019: Publications in the Data Science Journal

Date: Nov 1, 2019

  Title: Different Preservation Levels: The Case of Scholarly Digital Editions Author: Elias Oltmanns, Tim Hasler, Wolfgang Peters-Kottig, Heinz-Günter Kuper
URL: 
http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-051
  Title: A Method for Extending Ontologies with Application to the Materials Science Domain
Author: Huanyu Li, Rickard Armiento, Patrick Lambrix URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-050
  Title: Analysis of Several Years of DI Magnetometer Comparison Results by the Geomagnetic Network of China and IAGA
Author
: ufei He, Xudong Zhao , Dongmei Yang, Fuxi Yang, Na Deng, Xijing Li
URL: http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2019-049
 


Call for Application - VizAfrica 2019 Botswana Summer School Program Deadline: Nov 1, 2019

Date: Oct 21, 2019

Date: 11-15 November 2019

Venue: Department of Computer Science, University of Botswana, Botswana

Objective: To introduce learners to data analytics and visualization

Learning Outcome: At the end of the course the learners will be able to apply data analytics and visualization tools in analyzing, visualizing, and making decisions in various situations.

Contents

  1. Big data  engineering
  2. Business Intelligence
  3. Computer aided engineering
  4. Geospital data visualization
  5. Basic introduction to Linux bash scripting
  6. Python for science and engineering and job submission using PBS pro at CHPC

Trainers:

  • Prof. Koji Koyamada  - Kyoto University (Japan)
  • Ms Becky Abraham - Pathways International (USA)
  • Dr. Mothsegwa Tshiamo - Univesity of Botswana (Botswana)
  • Prof. Muliaroo Wafula - Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Kenya)

Deadline - 1 November 2019

Apply here: https://ehealth.ub.bw/redcap/surveys/index.php?s=X3DAM3TN33

For inquiry: email at vizafrica@codata.org

 


IASSIST 2020 CALL FOR PROPOSALS

Date: Oct 21, 2019

Conference website: https://iassist2020.org/
Conference hashtag: #IASSIST20

The 46th annual conference of the International Association for Social Science Information Services and Technology (IASSIST) will be held in Gothenburg, Sweden from May 19 to 22, 2020.

Data by Design: Building a Sustainable Data Culture We welcome submissions that showcase the various ways our IASSIST community is approaching “data by design” and tackling the challenges of building and sustaining data communities, practices and tools. In the tradition of Scandinavian design, characterized by simplicity, minimalism and functionality, we welcome modern or ambitious approaches that your organization has been looking at more recently to
keep pace with the ever-increasing amount of data, and new ways of publishing and accessing it. While a variety of submission topics are desired, we encourage you to think about if and how your topic may fit into one of the following tracks:

Partnerships and collaborations

What is the data culture like at your organization? What infrastructure – hardware, software, people or policies – are you leveraging, and is it enough? Who do you partner and collaborate with, both within and outside your own organization, and can we learn from these networking environments?

Data management and archiving

How can we build a community of data sharing that is equitable for all? How can we learn from each other’s approaches to demonstrating trust to lay a strong foundation? Have you designed any new and useful approaches and tools that can help in this space?

Data access, governance and ethics

As data practitioners we adhere to key principles of protecting human rights and high ethical standards. What principles, practices and tools have you worked on around data access, especially where there may be added risk in data publishing and use.

Data documentation and reproducibility

For a data community to persist, members need to share a common data language. What new approaches are you using to design documentation to facilitate our shared understanding? What strategies or tools have you designed that will help us respond best to the current reproducibility ‘crisis’?

Data literacy

A robust community includes not only experienced practitioners, but also newcomers. What innovative or successful approaches are you using around the topic of data literacy and how can we, as a community, better equip new practitioners with this important skill?

This year we also welcome suggestions for Special Interest Group and Birds of a Feather sessions, and require a short proposal and a meeting agenda/discussion points to support these. Also, panel proposals should be made up of speakers from multiple organizations to
encourage diversity of debate.

Finally, we expect to have many submissions, so we would kindly ask you to restrict submissions to one per person only. 

Submitting Proposals – DEADLINE: 6 December 2019

We welcome submissions for papers, presentations, panels, posters, and lightning talks.

The Call for Presentations, along with the link to the submission form, is at:
https://iassist2020.org/conference/call-for-presentations-workshops/call-for-proposals-presentations/

Questions about presentation submissions may be sent to the Program Co-Chairs (Stephanie Tulley, Stephanie Labou, and Louise Corti) at programme@lists.iassistdata.org.

The Call for Workshops, along with the link to the submission form, is at: https://iassist2020.org/conference/call-for-presentations-workshops/call-for-proposals-workshops/

Questions about workshop submissions may be sent to the Workshop 
Coordinators, Eimmy Solis and Amber Sherman, at
workshops@lists.iassistdata.org.

Deadline for ALL submissions: 6 December 2019
Notification of acceptance: Mid-January 2020

Support for Attending Conference
IASSIST Fellows Program supports data professionals from underrepresented regions and countries with emerging economies. IASSIST Early Professional Fellows Program helps early career data professionals recognizing the value of innovative ideas. Applications can be made at https://forms.gle/WcXocgWKZnz5CyL6A and will close January 17, 2020.

Address questions about the Fellows Programs to Florio Arguillas (foa2@cornell.edu).

We look forward to seeing you in Gothenburg in 2020! Contact programme@lists.iassistdata.org for questions.


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